The Umbrella Process
There are a number of processes that come together for good project management. Integration Management is the process that over-arches all of the rest. It is the place that is used to identify the activities that will be needed on the project, define and coordinate the objectives, and unify the efforts. This is the place where objectives are balanced and interdependencies explored.
How is all of this accomplished?
It starts in the initiating process group. The develop project charter process sets the framework for the entire effort. In this process the objectives of the endeavor are set down along with the business case, the contract, and the statement of work.
These documents will come together to form the basis of what will be authorized for the team to work on. This step adds a specific formality to the project, it creates the basis for the exchange of value and should state clearly the expected results of the project. Then comes Develop Project Management Plan
Develop Project Management Plan
This has reference to “how” you are going to manage the project. How are you going to measure your progress? When and what is going to be reported? How will decisions be made, and how will needed change happen. all of the how questions need to be answered at this time. Again, this concerns how the project will be managed, not any of the detail about the project itself. Then the core of the project falls under this umbrella:
Direct and Manage Project Execution
After the planning, after the set up, after the initialization, then the real work of managing the project takes place. Having a plan for directing the project and how the execution will take place is essential. Here is where the actual work is managed. But, your project will require some oversight. That is where the next piece of the puzzle comes in:
Monitor and Control Project Work
The activities of reviewing, tracking, and then regulating the project activities fall into this portion of the Integration Management. Here you measure, analyze, and then decide on any changes that might need to be made. An integrated change management system is needed, and stakeholders need to know at every mile stone or junction how the project is progressing, and what risk need to be addressed. The project will eventually come to a conclusion, and the deliverables will be presented to the sponsor. The project then needs to be formally closed.
Close the Project is the last process in the Integration Management and includes things like creating the “lessons learned” files that will stay with the project.
That is what Integration Management is all about. It kind of follows the entire course of the project at the highest level and makes sure the pieces fit together.
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